Myrcene (β-myrcene) is the most common terpene produced by hemp.
From a wellness perspective, the terpene myrcene provides multiple avenues of relief for those suffering a variety of diseases and conditions. It functions as a sedative, an analgesic, a systemic anti-inflammatory, and an antibiotic. In addition, myrcene has shown to reduce the size of tumors “cancer cell antagonist”.
Researchers also believe that myrcene may provide help to those with type-2 diabetes. Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, this terpene may also provide relief to those with fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, and other conditions involving systemic inflammation.
A 2015 study entitled “Evaluation of the Anti-inflammatory, Anti-catabolic, and Pro-anabolic Effects of E-caryophyllene, Myrcene, and Limonene in a Cell Model of Osteoarthritis” that was published in the European Journal of Pharmacology found that myrcene may exhibit powerful anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, this study identified the potential ability of these common terpene to prevent the breakdown of muscle mass, making it especially effective for seniors and those with some wasting syndromes.
Researcher states, “These data show that myrcene has significant anti-inflammatory and anti-catabolic effects in human chondrocytes and, thus, its ability to halt or, at least, slow down cartilage destruction and osteoarthritis progression warrants further investigation.”
A 2011 study entitled “Taming THC: Potential Cannabis Synergy and Phytocannabinoid-terpinoid Entourage Effects” that was published in the British Journal of Pharmacology found myrcene to offer both analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Reported the researchers, “[Myrcene is] a recognized sedative…employed to aid sleep.”
The study’s author reported, “b-Myrcene is [a] common monoterpenoid in with myriad activities: Diminishing inflammation via prostaglandin and blocking hepatic carcinogenesis by aflatoxin.” The researchers added, “Myrcene is a recognized sedative as part of hops preparations (Humulus lupulus), employed to aid sleep in Germany. Furthermore, myrcene acted as a muscle relaxant in mice, and potentiated barbiturate sleep time at high doses.”